English map of Prussia with Lithuania Minor marked green as Little Lithuania, 1799
Geographical distribution of Lithuanian language in East Prussia
Source: Franz Tetzner, Slawen in Deutschland, Braunschweig 1902, Abb. 8.
Illustration: 2 The settlement of Pempen on a German military staff map, 1912
The settlement of Pempen on a German military staff map, 1912.
Illustration: 3 Michael Kurchat’s homestead in Pempen (R. Dethlefsen, Bauernhäuser und Holzkirchen in Ospreußen, Berlin 1911, page 19).
Illustration presenting the homestead surrounded by a wooden fence. A stork nest in the tree in the background.
Illustration: 4 Layout of buildings in Michael Kurchat’s homestead in Pempen
(R. Dethlefsen, Bauernhäuser und Holzkirchen in Ospreußen, Berlin 1911, illustration 3).
Illustration of the layout of the buildings including a house, a hut, stables, barns, a cellar, a drying room, a well and a doghouse.
Illustration: 5 A section of Kurchat’s homestead in Pempen reconstructed in Ospreußisches
Heimatmuseum in Königsberg. phot. Pfeiderer, Zink, 1937, Institute of Art of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 216814. A black and white photograph of a section of the homestead with thatched-roofed buildings in rural landscape.
Illustration: 9 Copy of the stable from Kurchat’s homestead in Pempen. Photograph taken in 1947. Z. Drzewicki, Archive of the Museum of Warmia and Masuria A black and white photograph of a thatched-roofed house in rural landscape.
4.6 Fishermen of Gilge at work (public domain). A black and white photograph of two men working with nets on a fishing boat. Rural buildings in the background.
4.7 Fisherman’s house in Gilge (public domain). A black and white photograph of a white thatched-roofed house surrounded by a wooden fence.
4.8 Layout of the house of a wealthy fisherman from Gilge (source: State Archive in Olsztyn)
4.9 A living room in the house of a fisherman living at the Curonian Bay (source: (R. Dethlefsen, Bauernhäuser und Holzkirchen in Ospreußen, Berlin 1911, page 32). A black and white photograph of the interior of a fisherman’s house with period furniture, two women sit at the table with a roll of white fabric.
4.10 A fisherman’s homestead in Ospreußsisches Heimatmuseum. Dethlefsen R., Führer durch das Ostpreußische Heimatmuseum, Königsberg 1913.
An illustration presenting a fisherman’s homestead at the waterfront with rural landscape in the background.
1. Fisherman’s house from Gilge
The model presents a fisherman’s house with open porches on wooden hand-carved beams. The roof is thatched, the top of it adorned by a decorative element. We enter the house through the porch leading to a spacious hall. We see the open hearth with utensils for preparing and serving dishes. In the following chamber we see a dining room, a tiled stove built into the wall, an antique clock.
2. Cellar in the Pempen homestead.
The model presents the cellar located in the northern part of the homestead. The roof of the building is thatched, the top of it adorned by a decorative element. In the first room there are wooden barrels, in the following one – food supplies and hay.
3. Stable of the Pempen homestead.
The model presents a thatched-roofed stable with a decorative element on top. On one side we see a stack of wood and wooden wheelbarrows at the entrance. The roof overhangs served as a protection for small farm equipment. Inside we see a hay cart. In the brick part of the building there is a chamber for the sheep with the gate in the wall on the side of the yard. Next to it,
we see a chamber for the cattle and a pigsty. The driveway creates and seperates room for the stable. In the storage part under the roof we see hay.
4. Barn of the Pempen homestead.
The model presents a thatched-roofed barn. Over the entry gate, the roof overhang in the front part, slightly taller than the roof itself, allows the hay cart to enter the barn. Rooftops are adorned with decorative horse heads.
On the western side we see a narrow storage room for small equipment. In the driveway of the barn there is a threshing floor. On the eastern side there is an open room designed for storing carts
and farm equipment such as wheelbarrows, sleigh, barrels.